Object-Oriented Learning (OOL): Perception, Representation, and Reasoning
International Conference on Machine Learning (ICML)
Friday July 17, 2020, Virtual Workshop
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Amodal 3D Reconstruction for Robotic Manipulation via Stability and Connectivity
- William Agnew, Christopher Xie, Aaron T Walsman, Octavian V Murad, Yubo Wang, Pedro Domingos, and Siddhartha Srinivasa
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Learning-based 3D object reconstruction enables single- or few-shot estimation of 3D object models. For robotics this holds the potential to allow model-based methods to rapidly adapt to novel objects and scenes. Existing 3D reconstruction techniques optimize for visual reconstruction fidelity, typically measured by chamfer distance or voxel IOU. We find that when applied to realistic, cluttered robotics environments these systems produce reconstructions with low physical realism, resulting in poor task performance when used for model-based control. We propose ARM an amodal 3D reconstruction system that introduces (1) an object stability prior over the shapes of groups of objects, (2) an object connectivity prior over object shapes, and (3) a multi-channel input representation and reconstruction objective that allows for reasoning over relationships between groups of objects. By using these priors over the physical properties of objects, our system improves reconstruction quality not just by standard visual metrics, but also improves performance of model-based control on a variety of robotics manipulation tasks in challenging, cluttered environments.